Pythagoras and the importance of the Woman as an Initiate and Adept‘Archeosofica‘ takes care to underline the importance of the Woman as an Initiate and Adept. In India, as in Tibet, the woman is admitted among the Initiates, and has the function of an Initiator. In distant times, when the schools of perfection and of sanctification refused women the right to the Initiation, and relegated them among the mediums and the sibyls, one of the greatest geniuses and Initiates in history, Pythagoras, declared the woman suitable for the celebration of the Mysteries and for the initiatic life. This happened 500 years before Christ. Pythagoras was born in Samos in 571 and died in Metapontum in 497. A mathematical genius, he prepared the way for the Essenes of the Dead Sea, and for the Therapeutics of Egypt. Pythagoras did not see only the maternity in the woman, but the precious collaborator, the wonderful companion with whom to climb side by side the steps of the Temple of the human perfection, up to the apotheosis of the Adepthood and of the Theosis. Therefore, he had the courage to tell the women of Crotone that the Initiation was open to the mothers, to the single and to all women who felt the urgent need and the necessity to face the catharsis (purification), demanded by the ascesis, and make themselves Goddesses, that is, Daughters of God. The expression of Pythagoras recalls the Psalm, 82: 6, which says: “I have said: You are gods, all children of the Most High.” And Jesus used the same language when they were about to stone him: “Is it not written in your law: – I said: you are gods -? If He called gods those to whom the word of God was directed, and the Scripture cannot be annulled, to whom the Father has sanctified and sent into the world, you say: You blaspheme, because I said: I am the Son of God?” (John, 10: 34-36). If Christ places the man on the same level as the woman, both as image and likeness of God, both are considered gods and Children of God if they adhere to His Holy Will. Pythagoras knew what he was saying, and speaking more of him, it is not too much to affirm that some ancient authors: Porphyry, Iamblichus and even Clement of Alexandria in his Stromata testify to the excellence of the Pythagorean women, especially Théano of Crete, wife of Pythagoras; his two daughters, Damos and Arignotés; Timychias of Sparta, an Initiate and a martyr under the tyranny of Dionysius. Pythagoras considered the women to be gifted with excellent intuition and with a contemplative spirit, and he himself, as Aristossenes narrates, learned most of the moral doctrines and of the secrets of the ascesis and theurgy from Temistocleas, priestess of Delphi. It was she who made him understand the Woman in the Initiation. Perhaps because of that happy capability of his, to appraise the initiatic value of the feminine element, he became a strenuous defender of the woman. But he was afraid of provoking equivocal situations, and therefore he made the communities of the female Initiates separate from those of the male Initiates.
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