ARCHEOSOFICA

Archeosofica” is an esoteric school, inner and profound, a Study Center and, for those who wish it, also a non-profit cultural association (Archeosophical Society) which prepares, guides and perfects its followers towards the knowledge of themselves, of the higher worlds and  of God, thanks to the investigation and development of new senses, called “spiritual senses”, and leads them to High Initiation.

Posts Tagged ‘pagan Mysteries’

AN ELOQUENT DOCUMENT TO UNDERSTAND THE MINOR AND MAJOR MYSTERIES

To show the soundness of our exposition on the esoteric and Christian significance of the minor and major Mysteries, we quote a text translated from the Greek, whose author is Titus Flavius Clement of Alexandria in Egypt. Clement, called the Alexandrian, was born in Athens in 150 AD into a pagan family. From his competency, he seems to have been initiated into the Major Mysteries of Eleusis, and after he became an Apostle of the Christianity. He visited Magna Grecia, Italy, Syria, Palestine, stopping in 180 at Alexandria, attracted by the fame of Pantaenus, ‘the bee of Sicily’. At the school of Christianity called Didaskaleion, Clement was a listener. After a few years, Pantaenus took him as a teaching colleague. After the death of the former, in about 200, Clement became the head of the school and had Origen as a disciple. During the persecution of Septimius Severus (about 202-203) he retired to Cappadocia to stay with the bishop Alexander, and died a little before 216, as attested in a letter of the same Alexander who became bishop of Jerusalem (Eusebius – Ecclesiastical History – VI, 11, 14). The text that we quote, is in one of the volumes of Clement of Alexandria: Stromata, V, 11. “It is not without appropriateness that for the Greeks, the Mysteries start with purification, as for the Barbarians with the bath. After this, come the small Mysteries which have some foundation of instruction and preparation for what comes after. The great Mysteries refer to the totality of things. It is no longer a question of learning, but of intuitively seeing and contemplating the nature of things. We can acquire the purification through the confession, the contemplation (epopticòn), through the analysis, advancing towards the first contemplation by means of analysis, beginning from the objects which are underlying the being itself, eliminating from the body the physical qualities, removing the dimension of depth, then the dimension of width and, after this, the dimension of length. The step that remains is the monad, which has, so to speak, a position. If we remove this position, the monad is an object of thought (epinoèitai). If then, having removed that which is in the body and that which is called incorporeal, we cast ourselves into the greatness of the Christ, and from There advance in the wide-open immensity, in full holiness, we will arrive at the intuitive perception of the universal Master, having recognized not what is, but what is not. The form, the movement, the throne, the position, the right, the left of the Father in everything, should not be perceived, even though they are described, but what each of these things mean, it will be shown in its proper place. The first cause, then, is not in space but above the place, the time, the name and the thought. This is why Moses says: – Show yourself to me – indicating very clearly that God is not to be taught, not to be named, but must be known solely through the force that is in Him. Because the obscure and invisible research and the grace of knowledge come from Him through the Son. Solomon gives a very clear testimony, expressing himself thus: – The reflection (fronèsis) of men is not in me, but God gives to me the wisdom, and I know the holy things. – Then Moses, expressing the divine fronèsis through allegory, has mentioned the tree of the Life, planted in the Paradise: this Paradise could be the world in which all the things of creation germinate. In this, the Logos has blossomed, has become flesh, has borne fruit, and has given life to who has tasted (the fruit) for their good; because without the tree He could not have come to our knowledge, because our life has been suspended for our good. And Solomon has said: The Tree of immortality is for those who take it. And because of this he says: Behold that I set before your face the life and the death, to love God the Lord, and to walk in all of his ways, and to understand his voice, and to trust in life. If you transgress the decisions and decrees which I have given to you, you will be lost. Because this is the life, the length of your days, to love the Lord your God. And he further said: Abraham coming to the place which God had indicated to him, on the third day, looking up, saw the place from afar. Because the first day is that which is spent in the sight of the beautiful things, the second is the desire of the excellent soul; the third day, the mind (nous ) sees the spiritual things, the eyes of thought having been opened by the master who rose for this third day. The three days might also be the Mystery of the seal, the seal being the mark through which the true God makes himself known. Then, he sees the place from afar, because the location of God is difficult to occupy, the place that Plato has called the place of Ideas, having learned from Moses that it is one same place containing all things and their totality. On the other hand, with a great precision, it is said that he is seen from afar by Abraham, because it is in the Genesis; and it is an angel that serves him constantly as a mystagogue. Hence the Apostle: We see now as through an èsoptron (a glass), face to face, through these sole, sudden and incorporeal rays of thought. It is also possible, discoursing, to draw a divination from God, if one forces oneself, outside of all the sensations, to launch oneself towards the thing itself which is everything, and not to stay away from that which is, before rising on this thing which is the good, to take possession of it with the thought itself, arriving towards the end itself of that which can be taken by thought, according to Plato. Then Moses, not permitting to make altars and téménos in many places, but having established a sole temple of God, announces that the world is monogene (as Basilides says), and that there is but one God (which Basilides has not seen). And, since he did not want to enclose in one place He who cannot be enclosed, Moses has not put any statues, any images to venerate in the temple, indicating that God cannot be seen and described, leading in some way to the concept of the God of the Hebrews by the honor of the Name that is in the temple. But the words that impede the construction of temples and all sacrifices, indicates that the Omnipotent is not in a place, consists in this:  What house will you build to me? – says the Lord – The heaven is my throne, and so on. Equally on sacrifices: The blood of bulls and the fat of mutton I do not want.” Naturally, we could make a commentary on this precious document of Clement of Alexandria, of which we apologize for the arid literal translation, but we consider it superfluous, after having touched on various points concerning the minor and major Mysteries. Continue Reading

WHAT THE MINOR AND MAJOR MYSTERIES ARE

The Initiation is the reception of a spiritual force received from a qualified person, and sometimes from God Himself, so that the receiver changes nature and enters, with a special rite, into the Communion of the Initiates, and into the Light of the ‘Great Architect of the Universe‘, wisdom, beatitude and immortality. The ancient Initiation had different grades. The Mysteries were divided into the Minor and the Major. This usage rested on very precise motives. It became characteristic of the esoteric Christianity, and especially of the catechesis school in Alexandria of Egypt, called ‘Didaskaleion’. Its major instructors, after Pantaenus, were: Clement of Alexandria, Origen. Such a School developed also in Caesarea of Palestine, with the participation of Alexander, Bishop of Jerusalem, Origen and Gregory the Thaumaturgist. In the lower grades of the Initiation, the teaching consisted of a preparation, called the Small Mysteries(1), so that the Neophyte obtained the mastery in three things: 1st – physical Purification; 2nd – intellectual Synthesis; 3rd – spiritual Perception. In this phase, the pupil was instructed in the seven Arts and Sciences, named Liberal because they were considered compatible with the dignity of the Free Man. Called Trivium and Quadrivium, to the first belonged the propaedeutic disciplines: the Grammar, the Logic and the Rhetoric; to the second belonged: the Arithmetic, the Geometry, the Music and the Astronomy. The Masters trained the pupils in the study of the physiology and anatomy, in the alchemy, in the history of the origin of man, his occult or metaphysiological constitution, the analysis of the soul and of its faculties, the states of the life after the death, the reincarnation. In conclusion, nothing was neglected, in addition to the study of the Holy Scriptures, and the practice of the daily purifications of the body and the consciosness. The mind was trained in concentration and meditation, with a view to go beyond the ordinary states of one’s own consciousness. From the moment the disciple demonstrated he had acquired the theoretical knowledge, he was truly introduced to the practice, and only then was it possible for him, separating the physical body from its energetic or subtle principles, to have an experimental knowledge of the supersensible world. This is proved by the testimony of many ancient authors: “Happy the one who descends into the tomb so Initiated – wrote Pindarbecause he knows the objective of life and the kingdom given by Jupiter“. Apuleius, on his part: “I approached to the borders of death; I pressed my foot on the threshold of Proserpine and returned passing through all the elements; in the middle of the night, I saw the sun shining in all its blinding splendor; I drew near to the gods of the inferno, to the gods of the heaven, I saw them face to face, adored them from near. Here is all I can say” (Metamorphosis). Plato, in Phaedo, writes: “The initiates are sure to go into the company of the Gods …. Who is not initiated sinks in the mud and only who has gone through the mystical life penetrates into the eternity“. In the same sense, we can understand the words of Sophocles: “Blessed those who enter into the kingdom of the shadows as Initiates! For them in this kingdom, the life, for the others, punishments and miseries only“. Plotinus in the Enneads describes the results of the ecstasy of the Initiate who lives the life of the Gods and of the blessed men. The Mysteries reveal the secrets of the Nature, of the Universe, of the great plan of the Logos. The Initiate understood that the cosmic evolution and the human evolution are parallel, comprehended that the development of the man repeats the different phases of the evolution of the whole of the universe. The Initiate knew that the Microcosm is similar to the Macrocosm, and the cycle of the Initiation reproduced, in the human dimension, the great series of cosmic changes to which the initiatic Astrology(1) refers. So, at the end of the cycle of the Initiation, who is fallen, and redeemed by the Providence and by his personal effort, regains the primordial state of divine purity and knowledge. (1) The Small Mysteries can be likened to the Yoga in general. (1) T. Palamidessi- THE BASES OF THE INITIATIC ASTROLOGY- Booklet 21. Continue Reading

ANALOGIES BETWEEN PAGAN MYSTERIES AND CHRISTIANITY

If there are analogies with the pagan Mysteries, the Christianity presents some characteristics which one way make it a religion, and another way, a spiritual science, original and complete, because  a religion popular and aristocratic at the same time, exoteric and esoteric. From this, we can specify some fundamental points: 1) – First of all, its founder is not like Dionysus, Osiris, Attis, Mithras, a mythical being, but a person that really lived among men, remembered by history, put to death by a Roman procurator; a renewer of the religion and of the initiatic way, of divine and human nature. For this, the constant preoccupation of the Christendom is to speak the name and guarantee to the world the historicity of the exceptional personage. 2) – The sacrifice of  the Christ is at the base of the salvation; it is intended as an act of supernatural justice, willed by God in expiation of the sins of the humanity, and is not dependent on the rhythm of the seasons, even though it coincides with the rhythm of the seasons of the ancient Mysteries, because the astronomical rhythms belong to the Creator, and also because from the instant of the Adamic fall there has always been an archetypal program to be realized. The mysteric religions have tried it, in conformity with a pre-imitation. The sacrifice consummated on the Cross by the Messiah has a profound ethical significance, capable of directing along two ways, which will become only one in the future (the exoteric first and the esoteric after), towards a way of high social, biological and moral perfection of the adepts of the Christian religion of the ‘Third Millennium’. 3) – The Christianity sinks its roots into the solid earth of the Jewish religion, surpassing its sacrificial ritualism with the heightening of the strictly religious aspect, related to the love of the Celestial Father and the establishment of a kingdom of the good for all the initiates. Since mankind is the property of God, He himself has given, to all the Peoples, from when the physical man appeared on the earth and in the solar systems which preceded the present evolution, some ways, some advice, some laws, some fragmentary Revelations. For this, in the Christian Mysteries we find again some analogies with other Mysteries, a preparation for those that were to reappear with Christ under a new light: Mystery of the Kingdom of God (Mark, 4: 11); Mystery of the Gospel (Ephesians, 6: 19); Mystery of the baptism, etc. 4) – The Mysteries of the pagan religions had a pantheistic vision that propagated itself deleteriously in the various neo-spiritualistic currents. Different is the position of the Christianity, because its conception is of a transcendent and creator God, even though immanent, so that the Christian can perceive the union with Him in a reciprocal act of love. 5) – In the ancient Mysteries, and in general in the philosophy of the imperial age, the salvation was a conquest of the intellect; in the Christianity, the salvation is a gratuitous gift of God, a guarantee that man has earned, has deserved with the saving death of Christ and the Faith in Him; but it is also a conquest, after the Incarnation of the Messiah Jesus, on the part of the whole man, spirit, emotive soul, erosdynamic soul and physical body, sustaining himself with the ascetic means indicated by Archeosophy, and with the exhortation and the promise of the Savior for an active conquest, therefore initiatic: “the kingdom of heaven is conquered with the violence and the violent seize it” (Matthew, 11: 12); “to  who wins I will grant to sit with me on my throne” (Apocalypse, 3: 21). 6) – In the ancient Mysteries, the attainment of salvation, that is, the being freed from the drama of the post-mortem, is an exclusively individual fact. The Eschatology, the Palingenesy (the doctrine that deals with the ultimate things, with the end of the times) of the ancient Mysteries has, as an objective, the salvation through the assimilation to the patron god of the Mystery. The salvation promised by the Initiator is not only the liberation from the physical illnesses, from the inexorability of the fate, from the Heimarmene, from which also the gods of Olympus knew how to give freedom, and for this they had the epithet of beneficent and saviors; but is the certainty to attain the blessed immortality, similar to the god; it is the spiritual salvation. The salvation was understood, more or less nobly, according to the moral capacity of the adept. The rough man delighted in the crude orgiastic rites, exciters of the senses and a spur towards a state of vulgar inebriation; the superstitious, attributed his salvation to the mysteric ritual, considering it to have a sacred-magic value; the philosopher saw in the myths and the rites of the Mysteries, the symbol of the truths loved by his speculative spirit; the mystic intended to arrive at the union with the patron divinity of the Mystery. In the Christian Mysteries, the salvation and the happiness are individual, but they are also collective for all the adepts that feel themselves fraternized in the hope of the Kingdom of God pre-announced by the founder, and of which they know the means to arrive at. It is a sublime vision of collective happiness, without removing from each one the personality. A union that admits to the community with the rite of Initiation (baptism), and brotherly unites the initiates to one another and to the common head, Jesus, in the Eucharistic rite, according to the ‘Mystery of the arcane’. There is no doubt that the Christian Initiation calls for a higher degree of humility, devotion and discipline from the disciple, and the perfect imitation of the Christ, experimenting one by one the Mysteries, three of which are very important: the Baptism, the sublimation of the Eros and the initiatic Death. Each one of these Mysteries will be dealt with as we advance in the Archeosophical studies. We insist much on the experience of the out-of-body experience, of the controlled memory of the past lives and of the secret practice to transfer into the heart: the spirit, the soul and the eros, all this because the blood and the heart of the man, purified through the Archeosophical catharsis, are the Temple of the Christ, as Christ is the Temple of the Father. The central Mystery of the Christianity, in the interpretation of Archeosophy, that you must live, experiment with as a personal phenomenon, is the Bardo Thödol, according to a Christian vision of the experience of the death. If you do not enter into the reign of the dead (without breaking the silver thread of life) as Initiates, as Lords, and do not enter again in your body, every year, at least at Easter, on the day in which you leave your body forever, you will lose yourselves in the labyrinth of the bardo (=experience in the hereafter), you will be obsessed by the dreams, by the Guardians and, tried as wrongdoers, you will suffer the punishments of the hell, of the purgatory. For how long this punishment will last, compared to the terrestrial time, it will not be possible for you to know. And when you are in the depths of the terror, of the desperation, if somebody merciful helps you, you will be able to escape towards a matrix to reincarnate yourself and to recommence to be born, to fight, to suffer and die again, with the risk of never arriving to God, and to be canceled forever from the ‘Book of the Life’. Among the Christian Mysteries, the Predestination of the Elect deserves profound reflection. The Mystery of the ‘Book of Life’ is a key to other enigmas, which are not such for the Initiate. The advent of the Christianity, appeared like a watershed, to divide, according to the evolutive degree of each one, the individuals in savable and non-savable, in believers and profane, in initiates and non-initiates, according to a tremendous predestination that is explained in the light of the law of the contrapassum, that is, of the reincarnation, of the pre-existence of the souls. To the question which the Apostles directed to Jesus, who spoke to the crowds in parables, the Messiah replied: “Because it is given to you to know the Mysteries of the Kingdom of God, but to them it has not been given. In fact, to who has will be given and will have more abundance, but to who has not will be taken away even what he has. For this I speak to them in parables, in order that seeing they do not see and hearing they do not hear nor understand” (Matthew, 13:11-16). Continue Reading

MYSTERIC RELIGIONS AND CHRISTIAN MYSTERY

The program of universal salvation of the Christianity has some points of contact and affinity with the pagan Mysteries. This observation is possible if the several contents of the ancient mysteric religions are evaluated and compared with those of the Church. The Mysteries were born when the man(*) understood that his destiny is the death, with a state of crepuscular, nebulous and unhappy consciousness in a world of ghosts. Therefore, the effort of the philosophers and of the priests has always been that of discovering how to assure for themselves and for the others a conscious and happy life after the death: to discover the way to die self-conscious, awake and ready to be invested with the power of the Divinity. The ancient non-Christian Mysteries and the Christian Mysteries center around the most striking and ineluctable phenomenon, after the birth and the brief earthly sojourn: the death. To know the death and to defeat the death, escaping from the circuit of illusions of the terrifying world of the dead. In the East, at the same time as the dawning Church, many mysteric cults had come into existence, exactly to fight against the spiritual unconsciousness of the death and the awakening in a frightful, tormenting hereafter of demonic, ahrimanic persecution, numerous mysteric cults with rites that commemorated a mythical theme, and aimed to realize in the here and now, with the symbolism of the ritual, the subject they represented. In Egypt, for thousands of years there had been the Mysteries of Isis and Osiris; in Phrygia, the Mysteries of Cybele and Attis; in Persia, the Mysteries of Mithras; in Cappadocia, the Mysteries of Artemis; in Crete, the Mysteries of Zeus, and many others. The most evolved Mysteries were those of the Eleusinian. In all these, the common base was to obtain the immortality through the union with the God, to honor particular divinities, to share in their own divinity, to escape from the anguished experience of the intermediate state between the death and a new reincarnation (in this planet or in other worlds). To reach such a point, there were followed diverse ways and methods, notwithstanding the affinity of the principles. There had always to be an initiation, performed through a secret rite, preceded by a catechesis imparted by the hierophant or mystagogue, with fastings, abstinences, a sacred bath to renew, in a certain way, the birth. The Eleusinian misti bathed in the river Ilissos, near Athens; after, they attended the liturgical representation that concerned the birth of Dionysus from Persephone (Small Mysteries). With the Initiation, some men and women could escape from their own nature and conquer another, cease to be men to begin to be Gods. But in certain Sanctuaries, people went so far as to affirm with presumption that a bandit, if initiated, participated in immortality, whilst an Epaminondas, not initiated, would remain like any mortal. It was the undoubted merit of the Christianity, if certain titanic attitudes were unmasked. The Initiation, and the practices connected to it, have an effect on what in psychoanalysis is called, with different terms, the personal and collective unconscious, the dream, the complexes, etc. The human Initiation prepares for that which will arrive from God, but this arrives when the void is total. The bandit, the murderer, the sinner, cannot offer a void to be filled by the Intelligence and the Love of God. The exoteric Christianity and Archeosophy have everything to guarantee the good outcome of the Initiation, because they know how to remove and to sublimate, to transmute the world which is inside us and around us, centering the maximum of attention on the problem of the death and on the therapy related to it. (*) Please note: in the Italian usage “man” and “he” may intend both female and male. This usage has been maintained to stay as faithful to the original as possible. (Translator’s note) Continue Reading
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